Gil Einstein was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France, and moved to the United States when he was four years old. He was a French citizen until 2004, when he became an American citizen. He was raised in God's country (New Jersey). In the middle of his graduate training at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Dr. Einstein took a year's leave of absence and pursued the life of a ski bum in Crested Butte, Colorado. A season of working as a ski-lift operator convinced him to return to graduate school and finish his degree.

Dr. Einstein and his wife Patty, who also graduated from the University of Colorado and is now a realtor, have two daughters: Julie (who is a working and living in Chicago) and Alex (who is living and working in New York City). They love sports, especially surfing, skiing, soccer, and basketball.

Dr. Einstein loves teaching at Furman because his favorite things are teaching and getting students involved in research. As a result, many students coauthor publications with him and more than 170 are coauthors on presentations made at national, regional, or state meetings.

Dr. Einstein has more than 100 publications, including six books. His research is published in psychology’s top journals and has a high citation rate. His research has been funded by major granting agencies, including the National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the National Institutes of Health (including four RO1 awards). He also has served on the Editorial Boards of several major journals, including Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition; Memory & Cognition; and Psychology and Aging.

Dr. Einstein is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Association for Psychological Science. He received Furman University’s Meritorious Teaching Award in 1985 and the South Carolina Independent Colleges and Universities Association Excellence in Teaching Award in 2006. In 2010, he was designated a Fellow by the Council on Undergraduate Research, and he is one of only 14 Fellows from all science disciplines in the country. Dr. Einstein also received the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Distinguished Mentors Award in 2010. In 2013, he received the Governor's Award for Excellence in Science at a Predominantly Undergraduate Institution.

Name Title Description


General Psychology

Comprehensive introduction to psychology as a behavioral science through a survey of historical, empirical, and theoretical perspectives of psychological research. Topics include: biological bases of behavior, development, learning, personality, cognition, perception, motivation, behavior disorders, and social psychology. Students must either participate in research projects or write summaries of published research articles.


Research Mthds & Statistics I

Introduction to the principles of science, research design, data collection with animals and/or humans, statistical analysis, and scientific writing. Designed to acquaint students with the scientific methods used to study behavior; covers the fundamental methodological, statistical, and writing skills necessary for most advanced psychology courses. Lab work, computer analysis of data, and written reports of laboratory projects are integral to the course.


Research Mthds & Statistics II

Continuation of first research methods and statistics course. Introduction to the principles of science, research design, data collection with animals and humans, statistical analysis, and scientific writing. Designed to acquaint students with the scientific methods used to study behavior; covers the fundamental methodological, statistical, and writing skills necessary for most advanced psychology courses. Lab work, computer analysis of data, and written reports of laboratory projects are integral to the course.


Memory and Cognition

Examination of the research and theories of human memory and cognition. Topics include pattern recognition, attention, encoding and retrieval processes, forgetting, knowledge representation, problem-solving, and decision-making. Experimental approaches to studying these topics will be discussed. Lab projects focus on experimental methods for studying cognitive processes.

Einstein’s research focuses on fundamental questions related to human memory and in particular on prospective memory, which is memory for actions to be performed in the future such as remembering to give a message to a friend or remembering to take medication. Interestingly, very little research has examined this kind of future oriented memory. Einstein believes that we use multiple processes for prospective memory retrieval with some being relatively automatic and others more consciously controlled. The major goals of his current research are to understand (1) what processes we use to remember to perform actions in the future, (2) how these processes can break down in important real-world situations (e.g., an air traffic controller forgetting to reroute an airplane), (3) how these processes are affected by normal aging, and (4) how to improve prospective memory in real-world settings (e.g., how to improve medication adherence).

Materials for testing effects demo:
Laboratory 2 MC SunSea Otter Quiz
Laboratory 2 Optimum Strat handout

  • Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A.  (2014).  Prospective memory and aging:  When it becomes difficult and what you can do about it.  In T. Perfect and S. Lindsay (Eds.) Handbook of Applied Memory.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Scullin, M. K., Mullet, H., Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A. (2014). Prospective memory. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier. Vol. 2.
  • Harrison, T. L., Mullet, H. G., Whiffen, K. N., Ousterhout, H., & Einstein, G. O.  (2014).  Prospective memory:  Effects of divided attention on spontaneous retrieval.  Memory & Cognition, 42, 212-224.
  • Mullet, H. G., Scullin, M. K., Hess, T. J., Scullin, R. B., Arnold, K. M., & Einstein, G. O. (2013).  Prospective memory and aging:  Evidence for preserved spontaneous retrieval with exact but not related cues.  Psychology and Aging, 28, 910-922. 
  • May, C. P., Einstein, G. O., Diehl, N., & Freedman, S.  (2013).  Memory:  A five-unit lesson plan for high school psychology teachers.  American Psychological Association.
  • McHenry, J., Insel, K., Einstein, G., Vidrine, A., Koerner, K., & Morrow, D.  (2013).  Recruitment of older adults:  Success may be in the details.  The Gerontologist.
  • Bugg, J. M., McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (2013). Event-based prospective remembering: An integration of prospective memory and cognitive control theories. In D. Reisberg (Ed.) , The Oxford handbook of cognitive psychology (pp. 267-282). New York, NY US: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376746.013.0018
  • Insel, K. C., Einstein, G. O., Morrow, D. G., & Hepworth, J. T. (2013).    A multifaceted prospective memory intervention to improve medication adherence: Design of a randomized control trial.  Contemporary Clinical Trials, 34, 45-52
  • May, C., Owens, M., & Einstein, G. O. (2012). The impact of emotion on prospective memory and monitoring: No pain, big gain. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19 (6), 1165-1171. doi:10.3758/s13423-012-0301-3
  • Rummel, J., Einstein, G. O., & Rampey, H. (2012). Implementation-intention encoding in a prospective memory task enhances spontaneous retrieval of intentions. Memory, 20(8), 803-817. doi:10.1080/09658211.2012.707214
  • Beran, M. J., Evans, T. A., Klein, E. D., & Einstein, G. O. (2012).  Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) remember future responses in a computerized task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 38, 233-243.
  • Einstein, G. O., Mullet., H. G., & Harrison, T. L. (2012).  The testing effect:  Illustrating a fundamental concept and changing study strategies.  Teaching of Psychology, 39, 190-193. 
  • Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A.  (2012).  Mental fitness.  In J. M. Rippe, J. Foreyt, and M. A. Waite, (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine and Health.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Einstein, G. O., McDaniel, M. A., & Scullin, M. (2012).   Prospective memory and aging:  Understanding the variability.  In N. Ohta and M. Naveh-Benjamin (Eds.) Memory and Aging (pp.  153-179) New York: Psychology Press. 
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