Course Descriptions Physics Furman University

PHY-101 Physics for Non-Science Majors
GER: NW (Empirical Study of the Natural World)
A philosophic and conceptual examination of selected fundamental principles of physics. No prior knowledge of physics is assumed. Some historical and biographical material is included. 4 credits.

PHY-104 Energy: Man, Creation and Calories
GER: NW (Empirical Study of the Natural World) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
The concept of energy treated from the broadest possible perspective. Emphasis on the four laws of thermodynamics and the four black-hole analogs. With this foundation the various thermodynamic aspects of energy are treated as they relate to a variety of areas, including the impact of energy on environmental aspects of human life. 4 credits.

PHY-105 Descriptive Astronomy
GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
Prerequisite: high school algebra
Apparent motion of the Sun, Moon and planets; the birth of modern astronomy; properties of light and its detection; the Sun and the Solar System; the structure, properties and evolution of stars; galaxies and cosmology. PHY-105 may not be enrolled after successful completion of either PHY-106 or 107. 4 credits.

PHY-106 The Solar System
GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
The Celestial Sphere; apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, and planets; the birth of modern astronomy; properties of light and its detection, the Sun, Solar System, and its exploration; formation of the Solar System and the discovery of exoplanets. PHY-106 may not be enrolled after successful completion of either PHY-105. 4 credits.

PHY-107 Stars & Galaxies
GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
Star Formation and the properties of stars; the evolution of low and high mass stars; the structure and dynamics of the Milky Way galaxy; normal and active galaxies; dark matter; the Big Bang, cosmology and dark energy. PHY-107 may not be enrolled after successful completion of either PHY-105. 4 credits.

PHY-111 General Physics I
GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
Prerequisite: high school calculus. MTH-150 strongly recommended
The basic concepts and laws of classical mechanics. Measurement and units, vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, work and energy, systems of particles, collisions, rotational kinematics, torque and angular momentum, rigid body statics and dynamics, simple harmonic motion, gravitation, and mechanics of solids and fluids. 4 credits.

PHY-112 General Physics II
GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
Prerequisite: PHY-111 and MTH-150. MTH-151 strongly recommended
The basic concepts and laws of classical electricity and magnetism. Electrostatic and magnetostatic forces and fields. Gauss' law, electric circuits, Amperee's law, Faraday's law, electric and magnetic properties of matter, time-varying fields, Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves, and geometrical optics. 4 credits.

PHY-113 General Physics III
Prerequisite: PHY-111
Introduction to thermodynamics and wave motion. Temperature, The First Law, kinetic theory, The Second Law, sound, electromagnetic waves, super-position, interference, diffraction and polarization. 4 credits.

PHY-119 Physics of Music
Prerequisite: PHY-111
Fundamentals of simple harmonic motion and waves. Physics of strings and vibrating air columns will be studied in detail. Lab activities will include the study of wave motion and the Fourier analysis of sounds. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

PHY-241 Introduction to Modern Physics
Prerequisite: PHY-112 Must be enrolled with MTH-160.
Special theory of relativity, particle nature of electromagnetic radiation, waves and wave nature of matter, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, historical models of the atom, Schroedinger146s equation and its application to one-dimensional systems, quantum theory of the hydrogen atom, electron spin, many-electron atoms, and introduction to nuclear physics. Should be enrolled with MTH-160. 4 credits.

PHY-311 Classical Mechanics I
Prerequisite: MTH-160 and PHY-112. MTH-250 and MTH-255 are recommended.
Kinematics and dynamics of particles and systems of particles, oscillations, introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics, central force motion, motion in non-inertial reference frames, and dynamics of rigid bodies. 4 credits.

PHY-312 Classical Mechanics II
Prerequisite: PHY-311
An advanced treatment of topics studied in PHY-311, plus gravitation, coupled oscillations, mechanics of continuous media, the one-dimensional wave equation, and relativistic kinematics and dynamics. 4 credits.

PHY-321 Electromagnetic Theory I
Prerequisite: MTH-160 and PHY-112. MTH-250 and MTH-255 are recommended.
Development of the Maxwell equations. Electrostatic forces and fields, potential theory, magnetostatic forces and fields, time-varying fields. 4 credits.

PHY-322 Electromagnetic Theory II
Prerequisite: PHY-321
A continuation of the first course on electromagnetic theory. Application of Maxwell?s equations to radiating systems, systems and properties of electromagnetic waves in vacuum and matter. Radiation theory and relativistic electrodynamics. 4 credits.

PHY-331 Thermodynamics
Prerequisite: PHY-112. PHY-241 is recommended
Laws of heat and thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, introduction to statistical mechanics. 4 credits.

PHY-421 Optics
Prerequisite: MTH-160 and PHY-112. MTH-250 and MTH-255 are recommended.
Geometrical optics, image formation by lenses and mirrors, optical instruments and aberrations, Fresnel equations, optical properties of materials, nonlinear optics and the modulation of light, interference and diffraction, Fourier optics, laser operation and properties. Laboratory activities include numerical simulations of lens aberrations, Brewster angle experiment, electro-optic effect, magneto-optic effect and the spatial light modulation. 4 credits.

PHY-431 Electronics
Prerequisite: PHY-112
Theory and applications of active and passive circuits containing resistors, capacitors, inductors, transistors and integrated circuits. Course is laboratory-oriented. Students build and analyze circuits involving these components in various applications, including active and passive filters, transistor amplifiers, operational amplifiers, power supplies and digital circuits. 4 credits.

PHY-432 Experimental Methods
Prerequisite: PHY-241
Introduction to modern sensors, optical devices an instruments and their applications in the field of experimential science. Experiments designed to give practice in the art of making precise measurements and the processing of experimental data. Hands-on experience in insttumentation and experimentation in optics, electronics and a number of other areas in applied physics and engineering. 4 credits.

PHY-433 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Prerequisite: PHY-111 and PHY-112 or instructor permission
An exploration of the fundamentals of embedded systems for applications of physical computing. Using the Arduino open source microcontroller platform, students will learn how to connect sensors, actuators and indicators to create devices that interact with the physical world. Topics include digital and analog inputs and outputs, sensors, actuators, motors, serial communication, and control of external devices. Students will learn technical skills in electronics, programming and serial communication. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

PHY-441 Quantum Mechanics I
Prerequisite: MTH-160 and PHY-241. Should be enrolled with MTH-255. MTH-250 and MTH-255 are recommended.
Introduction to quantum formalism, the simple harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, spin and indistinguishable particles, and applications. Recommended to be enrolled with MTH-255. 4 credits.

PHY-442 Quantum Mechanics II
Prerequisite: PHY-441
Duality of matter and radiation, state functions, linear momentum, the Schroedinger equation, systems of particles, angular momentum and spin. 4 credits.

PHY-451 Astrophysics
Prerequisite: MTH-160, PHY-241, PHY-311, and PHY-321. PHY-441 is recommended.
Survey course in introductory astronomy and astrophysics for science majors. Gravitation and orbital motion; evolution and structure of the solar system, galaxy, and universe; stellar classes, structure and evolution. Laboratory activities include numerical simulations of various cosmological and stellar models, the study of spectrographic data, and astronomical observations. Credit is not normally granted (except as approved by the Physics faculty) for both PHY-105 and 451. 4 credits.

PHY-452 Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Prerequisite: PHY-241
Atomic physics topics include solutions to the Schroedinger equation for the hydrogen atom, one dimensional square well, spin orbit coupling and the periodic table. Nuclear physics topics include stable nuclei, nuclear decay, the radial square well and a model for the deuteron, as well as the simple harmonic oscillator and the nuclear shell model. An introduction to elementary particles and accelerators is also included. 4 credits.

PHY-461 Teaching Methods and Materials
Prerequisite: department permission.
4 credits.

PHY-502 Research
Guided experimentation or theoretical research on selected topics in physics. Working with a faculty sponsor, the student poses a question of interest for research, writes an agreement specifying work expectations, and conducts research to answer the question. A formal paper resulting from the research is required upon completion of the project that must be prepared and submitted to a journal. May be retaken for credit. Variable credit.

PHY-504 Directed Independent Study
Study of a selected topic designed to instill deeper understanding of areas of physics beyond formal course work. Working with a faculty sponsor, the student selects a focused area for further study and writes an agreement specifying work expectations. A formal paper or portfolio of sufficient length and composition to demonstrate a scholarly review with a bibliography resulting from the study is required. Variable credit.‚Äč

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