Course Descriptions Furman University

101 Introduction to Philosophy
GER: UQ (Ultimate Questions)
Introduction to some of the classic problems of philosophy, with emphasis on understanding the nature of philosophical reflection and reasoning. Includes epistemology, ethics, metaphysics and other major branches of philosophy. 4 credits.

200 Logic
Formal analysis of arguments with emphasis on symbolic logic. 4 credits.

208 Ethics
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The nature of morality, the grounds of moral obligation, and the principles of moral decision-making according to classical philosophers. 4 credits.

PHL-210 Ancient Philosophy

PHL-210 Ancient Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Consideration of the beginnings of the Western philosophical tradition focusing primarily on Plato and Aristotle. 4 credits.

211 Modern Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The growth and development of philosophical thought from Descartes through Kant. 4 credits.

212 Philosophy of Gender
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination of competing feminist theories. For example, liberal feminism, socialist or Marxist feminism, radical feminism and others. Analysis of the philosophical assumptions concerning women and women146s situations that underlie each view, to examine the philosophical traditions from which each theory is developed and the philosophical theories in opposition. 4 credits.

215 Philosophy of Religion
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Investigation of the central philosophical issues relating to religious belief and practice. Topics include: arguments for and against the existence of God, the problem of evil, the nature and significance of religious experience, and the relationship between the different world religions. 4 credits.

220 Realizing Bodymind
GER: MB (Mind and Body) and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Survey of "Wholeness Concepts" which promote lifetime fitness and healthy lifestyle habits. Topics include: the philosophical and corporeal cultural traditions of South Asia, East Asia, and Northeast Asia. Introduction to the martial art of Aikido as well as additional disciplines (including meditation)
that promote the experience mind and body unification. 4 credits.

225 Ki-Aikido: Five Disciplines
The five types of training that characterize the practice of Ki-Aikido. These include Aikido arts, Ki-Breathing, Ki-Meditation, Kiatsu, and Sokushin no Gyo. The course involves practice in these disciplines and critical examination of the way in which these disciplines are grounded in a philosophical worldview that emphasizes the interconnected nature of reality. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

227 Garden, Temple, Dojo: Japanese Arts and Culture
Examining the cultural and philosophical context of the Japanese Arts. Students have a chance to learn about an experience a variety of arts and explore the connections between these arts and the Japanese religious traditions of Zen Buddhism and Shinto. An introduction to, and practice of, the disciplines of Ki-Aikido, which include Aikido arts, meditation, and Kiatsu. Opportunities to experience tea ceremony and Japanese calligraphy. Students travel to visit significant temples and shrines in Tokyo, Nikko,Kamakura, Kyoto, and Nara. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

230 Indian Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
A survey of six orthodox schools of Indian philosophy including Vedanta, Yoga, Samkya, Mimamsa, Nyaya, Vaisesika, and three heterodox schools such as Early Buddhism, Jainism, and Ajivika Materialism. Some texts we will be examining include the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Early Buddhist Scriptures, and Jain Sutras. 4 credits PHL-240 Chinese Philosophy

PHL-240 Chinese Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Survey of the development of Classical Chinese Philosophy with emphasis upon Confucian, Daoist, and Neo-Confucian traditions. 4 credits.

245 Environmental Ethics
GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination and evaluation of various approaches to moral problem solving with reference to environmental and ecological issues. Topics include: Animal Liberation, the Land Ethic, Biocentrism or Reverence for Life, Ecofeminism, Deep Ecology, and Environmental Justice. 4 credits.

250 Japanese Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
The development of Japanese Philosophy from the classical period to modern times with a focus upon Buddhist philosophy and its intersection with the West. Analysis includes Early Buddhism, Kukai's Shingon Buddhism, and Dogen's Soto Zen Buddhism. The encounter of Japanese Philosophy with the West is studied through modern figures such as Nishida Kitaro, Watsuji Tetsuro, and Yuasa Yasuo. 4 credits.

260 Latin American Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Latin American philosophical reflection from 4 key eras of the region's history: Pre-Conquest; arguments for/against the Conquest; the 19th century struggle for independence; and exciting currents in 20th century thought (liberation and feminist philosophies)
. 4 credits.

265 Philosophy and Hip-Hop
Hip-Hop is one of the most significant American cultural movements of the past several decades. Students will philosophically consider hip-hop as a helpful resource for thinking about identity, social justice, and religion. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

270 Africana Philosophies
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Philosophical themes in sub-Saharan Africa and the African Diaspora in the Caribbean and the United States. Topics include: what counts as Africana philosophy; race; colonialism; gender; and slavery. Ontological, ethical and socio-political questions considered. 4 credits.

275 Aesthetics
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
A study of the nature of art and beauty, what counts as art, contemporary debates about fiction and emotion, sentimentalism, fakes and forgeries, popular music and culture, the nature of appreciation, photography and representation. 4 credits.

276 Philosophy of Food
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination of the philosophical aspects of food from historical, ethical and aesthetic perspectives. The role of food in Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Ethics and throughout the history of philosophy. The construction of ethical systems in regard to growing food, consuming food, animal rights, and resource management. An examination of aesthetic pleasure and disgust, as well as a consideration of "taste". 4 credits.

302 Clinical Medical Ethics
GER: UQ (Ultimate Questions)
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission
Course must be enrolled with IDS-301 and SOC-234. Intersection of major moral theories with health care delivery systems. Topics addressed include refusal of life-saving treatment, autonomy and paternalism in health care, and allocation of scarce medical resources. Course requires participation in clinical rotations at several health care facilities. Course must be enrolled with IDS-301 and SOC-234. 4 credits.

304 Ethics of Globalization
GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: PHL-101 or PSC-103
Consideration of how to make an ethical assessment of globalization's economic, environmental, political aspects. Topics include: the benefits/costs of globalization, who is benefiting and possible alternatives to globalization. 4 credits.

305 Bioethics
A philosophical analysis of contemporary moral problems in biomedical ethics. Topics discussed will include eugenics, human experimentation, research involving vulnerable populations, and the role of autonomy in healthcare. Students will be asked to consider case studies, films, and texts related to moral questions arising from medical practice. 4 credits.

310 Social and Political Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101 or PSC-103
Central issues in social and political philosophy. Topics vary, but may include: the philosophical foundations of the state, the basis and limits of individual freedom, the place of religion in a democracy, the justification of punishment, the requirements of distributive justice, and the treatment of cultural, racial, and gender diversity. Readings typically include works by both classical and contemporary philosophers. 4 credits.

315 Nineteenth Century Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Important figures and themes of nineteenth century philosophy. Readings chosen from Hegel, Schelling, Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, Kierkegaard, Darwin, and Nietzsche. 4 credits.

317 Twentieth Century Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Introduction to the important figures and themes of twentieth century philosophy. Attention given to material from both the analytic and phenomenological traditions. Postmodern responses to these traditions also examined. 4 credits.

318 Philosophy of Law
Prerequisite: PHL-101 or PSC-103
Investigation of philosophical questions relating to law. Topics include the question of what law is, the responsibility of the individual faced with unjust law, and the relation between philosophical understandings of the law and the resolution of legal issues. Readings include philosophical treatments of law and texts of legal opinions from courts. 4 credits.

321 Philosophy of Psychology
Prerequisite: PHL-101
An examination of mental health, mental illness, and moral psychology. Course will consider the various conceptions of the self, personhood, and human nature at the root of traditional theories of psychology. Topics discussed will include: personal identity, freedom, decision-making, and autonomy. Course will consider ways in which persons are categorized as mentally healthy or ill and evaluate approaches to the treatment of mentally ill persons. 4 credits.

325 Confucian Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
A comprehensive survey of Confucian philosophy including Early Confucianism (Confucius and Mencius), the Daoxue or Neo-Confucianism of the Song (960-1276) and the Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties (Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming), and the 20th Century New Confucian Movement (Mou Zongsan and Tang Junyi). 4 credits.

370 Philosophers, Movements and Problems
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Further investigation into a particular philosopher, movement or problem. For spring 2011, the topic is Philosophy of Language. Study of the movement of 20th century analytic philosophy that attempts to find answers to fundamental philosophical questions by studying nature of language and thought. Questions include: What is language? How is it that a sound I make when I say "Socrates" bears a special connection to a long-dead individual? What is that connection; how does it work? What is the connection between language and belief? Can we resolve quest ions of metaphysics, ethics, and epistemology by better understanding our language? 4 credits.

400 Seminar in Philosophy
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Reading, research, and writing course for majors, normally in their senior year, covering a specific topic in philosophy. 4 credits.

410 Knowledge, Truth and Power
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Introduction of philosophical reflection about knowledge. How should knowledge be defined, why knowledge is good to have, whether there are good responses to skepticism, how we should understand the relationship between knowledge and rational justification, what is the correct understanding of how beliefs come to be rationally justified, how we should understand such notions as "truth" and "objectivity," and whether knowledge is relative to particular conceptual schemes or cultures. 4 credits.

415 Philosophy of Sex and Love
Exploring a number of broad philosophical questions about sex and love such as: What acts count as sexual? What different forms does love take? What general moral principles should govern our sexual activities? To what extent should the law regulate our intimate lives? Will also investigate a number of more specific topics such as marriage (including same-sex marriage)
, casual sex, cohabitation, pornography, prostitution, consent to sex, sexual assault, polyamory, and polygamy. 4 credits.

420 Metaphysics: Reality, Identity and Possible Worlds
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Investigation into the nature, constitution, and structure of reality. Categorization of all things and articulation of the special relations that obtain between those categories. Topics may include universals and particulars, personal identity, freedom and determinism, modality, causation, and time. Examination of central issues and problems of metaphysics through discussions and reading works by both classical and contemporary philosophers. 4 credits.

501 Independent Study
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission.
Students must have a 3.00 grade point average in a minimum of three philosophy courses and an overall grade point average of 2.70 to register. Either a research project or a reading program. Students must have a 3.00 grade point average in a minimum of three philosophy courses and an overall grade point average of 2.70 to register. Variable credit.

506 Senior Honor Thesis I
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission
An independent study course for eligible students who choose to write a senior thesis as a capstone experience. Solely devoted to researching and writing the student's thesis. Typically completed in the senior year in tandem with PHL-507. Variable credit.

507 Senior Honor Thesis II
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission
An independent study course for eligible students who choose to write a senior thesis as a capstone experience. Solely devoted to researching and writing the student's thesis. Typically completed in the senior year in tandem with PHL-506. Variable credit.‚Äč

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