Chinese Courses | French Courses | German Courses | Hindi Course | Italian Course | Japanese Courses | Linguistics Courses | Modern Languages and Literatures Courses | Spanish Courses

Chinese (CHN) Courses

110 Elementary Chinese I
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structures necessary to develop listening and speaking skills in Mandarin Chinese. Initial reading and writing exercises with basic Chinese characters. An appreciation of Chinese culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary Chinese II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: CHN-110
Continuation of work on the sound system and grammatical structures necessary to develop listening and speaking skills in Mandarin Chinese, including reading and writing exercises with basic Chinese characters. An appreciation of Chinese culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate Chinese I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: CHN-120
Continuation of development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding reading and writing skills, using materials of a literary or cultural nature. Includes a review of grammar. 4 credits.

202 Intermediate Chinese II
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: CHN-201
Continuation of intermediate sequence with emphasis on communication skills, expansion of vocabulary and idiomatic expression. Cultural activities and outside readings required. 4 credits.

220 Survey of Chinese Culture
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
Survey of aspects of Chinese culture including: Confucianism, Taoism, Souls and Ghosts, Buddhism, the Monkey King legend, Chinese modernity, and Communist totalitarianism. Topics are covered through the study of a broad array of cultural, philosophical, historical, literary and theatrical texts. 4 credits.

225 Chinese Film
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts) and WC (World Cultures)
Cultural, intellectual, artistic and social issues that lead to an informed understanding of Chinese film, film analysis, and China. Selected films are organized under the topics of gender, ethnicity, melodrama, and urbanism. 4 credits.

230 Survey of Chinese Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
The development of literature in China from its beginnings to the modern period. Through study of representative works in English translation, the course offers an overview of Chinese literature and examines the role of culture and society. 4 credits.

235 Classic Chinese Fiction
The classic Chinese novel and short story in English translation. Important works of all major dynasties from ancient times through the nineteenth century and their impact on the role of culture and society in Chinese literature. 4 credits.

245 Twentieth Century Chinese Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
The development of modern Chinese literature in all genres. Through the study of the most representative works in English translation this course considers the relationship between literature and society in twentieth century China. 4 credits.

246 Twentieth Century Chinese Popular Fiction
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
General introduction to twentieth century Chinese popular fiction (popular romance, martial arts fiction, detective fiction, etc.) and to the critical theories that have informed the study of popular fiction. Investigation of how writers of modern Chinese popular fiction rewrite the themes of traditional domestic fiction and Western literary works into a discourse on transforming the “modern” into storytelling. Attention will be paid to detailed readings of selected works that have occupied a conspicuous place in discussions of Chinese popular fiction in the twentieth century. The texts will be discussed in terms of characterization, structure, genre, and the cultural/historical context. Receptions of the text past and present will also be explored. 4 credits.

265 Chinese Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Chinese course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television helps focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Chinese society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Chinese is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 Chinese Language House
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: at least one Chinese course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television helps focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Chinese society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Chinese is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Intermediate Chinese III
Prerequisite: CHN-202
A continuation of intermediate Chinese sequence emphasizing oral skills and idiomatic usage. Students will be required to speak extensively in class. Supplementary materials will be added to the text. 4 credits.

302 Intermediate Chinese IV
Prerequisite: CHN-301
A continuation of intermediate Chinese sequence emphasizing reading of formal Chinese, writing and oral communication skills. Additional materials will be used to further develop the students’ ability to read, discuss, understand and write Chinese. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study in Chinese Culture
Study of the Chinese people, society, culture and civilization. 4 credits.

401 Advanced Chinese I
Prerequisite: CHN-302
Continued study emphasizing advanced conversation skills. Special focus on effective exchange of more complex ideas in daily life and topics of interest. 4 credits.

402 Advanced Chinese II
Prerequisite: CHN-401
Continued emphasis on advanced skills of conversation and discussion in Chinese. Special focuses include effective exchange of evolved ideas concerning various cultural topics of interest. 4 credits.

470 Chinese Studies Thesis
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Guided research, translation, and writing on a topic in a field of Chinese Studies in which the student has had previous course work. The student will propose a thesis project to a faculty member in the field of Chinese Studies who by approving it becomes the thesis advisor. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit

French (FRN) Courses

110 Elementary French I
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in French. An appreciation of French-speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary French
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in French for the first intermediate level course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary French II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: FRN-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing) developed in first elementary course, with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate French I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-115 or 120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills using materials of a literary or cultural nature. 4 credits.

210 Introductions to Readings
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Builds upon and further enhances the basic skills developed through the first intermediate course. By reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignments in French, students enhance their critical listening, speaking, reading, writing skills while expanding vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

214 French Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Intense oral practice focusing on practical daily use as well as discourse on Francophone cultures and events with an emphasis on current, everyday speech. A variety of sources are used to develop listening and communication skills; improve fluency in speaking French; build vocabulary; and familiarize students with appropriate linguistic register. An introduction to French phonetics is included. 4 credits.

215 Composition and Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Emphasis on idiomatic expression through guided oral and written practice. Review of basic phonology, grammar and syntax included. 4 credits.

220 French Civilization
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Survey of the culture and civilization of France and, to a lesser extent, other parts of the French-speaking world. Areas of study include history, geography, politics, the arts, and daily life. 4 credits.

221 Contemporary French Culture
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Overview of contemporary France through a thematic approach to such topics as geography, demography, lifestyles and cultural patterns. Examination of the influence of France and Francophone nations within the global community. 4 credits.

265 French Language House
Prerequisite: at least one French course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house. Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to French society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. French is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 French Language House
Prerequisite: at least one French course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house. Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to French society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. French is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Travel Study in French Language
Prerequisite: FRN-210
Part of the study away curriculum in France. Emphasis on idiomatic expression in speech and writing. 4 credits.

305 Advanced French Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: FRN-215 or 301 and one other French course numbered 300 or greater.
Advanced study to perfect spoken and written French. Emphasis is on sustained expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonological and intonational patterns of modern French. 4 credits.

310 Travel Study in Twentieth Century French Drama
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: take 2 French courses numbered 201 or greater.
Part of the study away curriculum in France. Survey of twentieth century French drama, both as literature and spectacle, including selected works of Montherlant, Claudel, Anouilh, Giraudoux, Sartre, and Camus. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study in French Civilization
Part of the study away curriculum in France. Cultural history of France, including history, politics, geography, the arts, architecture, and daily life. On-site visits (museums, monuments, cathedrals, etc.). 4 credits.

321 Contemporary Senegal
Prerequisite: FRN-201
An interdisciplinary introduction to the culture of Senegal. 2 credits.

322 Francophone Culture in Senegal
Prerequisite: FRN-321
Lectures, literary readings, and visits to areas of cultural interest to familiarize participants with contemporary Senegalese cultural life. Research on a cultural topic will culminate in a written project. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

325 French Architecture in Context
GER: VP (Visual & Performing Arts)
Part of the study away curriculum in France. An understanding of French architectural monuments as the expression of the esthetic, religious, political and cultural values of the era that shaped them. Paris and Versailles are a particular focus. Taught in French with the assistance of on- site guides and art historians. 4 credits.

331 French Literature and Civilization I: Middle Ages and Renaissance
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: A course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts from their beginnings to 1600. 4 credits.

332 French Literature and Civilization II: Classicism and Enlightenment
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: a course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts from 1600 to 1800. 4 credits

333 French and Francophone Literature and Civilization III: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: a course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts of the 19th and 20th centuries, including authors of the Francophone world. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to French Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two French courses numbered 210 or greater.
A descriptive analysis of the French language from the smallest linguistic units to the largest units -- from sounds, words, and sentences to discourse. Topics include: the historical development of the French language, standard vs. non-standard French, language variation and sociological factors affecting language use. 4 credits.

410 French Literature in the Age of Louis XIV
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Study of selected works of the principal literary figures of the seventeenth century in France. Emphasis on classical drama; also includes short prose works and poetry. 4 credits.

411 French Literature of the Enlightenment
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Introduction to the literature of the eighteenth century (1715-89), including essay, theater and prose fiction. Works by authors such as Voltaire, Diderot, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Beaumarchais and Laclos. 4 credits.

415 French Romanticism
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Selected works of the principal literary figures of the first half of the nineteenth century in France. Poetry, prose fiction, and drama included. 4 credits.

417 French Realism and Naturalism
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Study of selected works of the principal literary figures of the second half of the nineteenth century in France. Poetry, prose fiction, and drama included. 4 credits.

420 Twentieth Century French Novel
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Study of the major works and authors of twentieth century prose fiction in France. 4 credits.

421 Twentieth Century French Drama and Poetry
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
Survey of the major developments, both theoretical and practical, in French drama and poetry since 1913. Readings include plays by such representative dramatists as Giraudoux, Sartre, Camus, Ionesco and Beckett. Among poets considered are Valéry, Apollinaire, Ponge, and the Surrealists. 4 credits.

430 Studies in French and Francophone Literature
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, genre, or theme. Possible topics might include the French lyric tradition, exoticism, narratives of childhood, etc. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. 4 credits.

435 Literatures in French: Writing Across Worlds
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
An upper level literature course exploring the literacy productions (20th and 21st centuries) in French of non-French authors with a special focus on the literary representation of the experiences of migration and exile. This course is taught in French. 4 credits.

445 African Novel in French
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, 332, or 333
The major African authors writing in French. Attention given to the early relevance of negritude, colonial and postcolonial issues, the emergence of African women writers in French, and contemporary perspectives in recent works. Emphasis on the literary representation of tradition, society and culture in the francophone African fiction. 4 credits.

450 History of France
GER: HA (Historical Analysis of Human Interactions)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
This course will offer a chronological survey of the history of France from approximately 1000 to the present. Topics will include but not be limited to history, geography, politics and the arts. 4 credits.

465 French Cinema
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
A survey of French and Francophone cinema from the 1920sera of silent film to the present day. Students will explore the historical context of each era, and become familiar with the principle film genres, directors and actors. 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in French
Prerequisite: two French courses numbered 300 or greater The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre in depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit

German (GRM) Courses

110 Elementary German I
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in German. An appreciation of German- speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary German
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in German for the first intermediate level course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary German II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: GRM-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing) developed in first elementary course with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate German I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: GRM-115 or 120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills using materials of a literary or cultural nature. 4 credits.

210 Introduction to Readings
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: GRM-201
Builds upon the basic skills developed through the first intermediate course. By reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignments in Spanish, students enhance their critical listening, speaking, reading, writing skills while expanding vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

215 Composition and Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Emphasis on idiomatic expression through guided oral and written practice. Review of basic phonology, grammar and syntax included. 4 credits.

220 German Civilization
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Advanced intermediate level introduction to the culture and civilization of the major German speaking areas of Europe. The goal is an understanding and appreciation of the contemporary civilization and its historical development. 4 credits.

222 Contemporary Germany
Prerequisite: GRM-115 or 120
Advanced intermediate travel study language course focusing on the culture and civilization of Germany with emphasis on the large public urban setting of Berlin and on the more private small-town setting of Cuxhaven. Guided interactions with the local community will enable the students to improve and practice their German language skills. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

230 Specialized Readings in German
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Introduction to the technical language of various fields in the natural sciences, social sciences, or the humanities. Offerings have included biology, business, chemistry, philosophy, and psychology. 4 credits.

265 German Language House
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to German society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. German is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 German Language House
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to German society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. German is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Travel Study in German Language
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. German study based on level of proficiency with native instructors. 4 credits.

305 Advanced German Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: GRM-215 and one German course numbered 300 or greater
Advanced study to perfect spoken and written German. Emphasis is on expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonological and intonational patterns of modern German. 4 credits.

310 Theatre and Film in Berlin
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. Exploration of the institutions and instantiations of theater and film in the cultural crucible of Berlin. Taught in German by the accompanying Furman faculty and assisted by on-site guides in studios, theaters, and museums. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study in German Culture
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. Under- standing and appreciation of various art and architecture forms. Special emphasis on the German speaking world. 4 credits.

331 German Literature until 1750
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater Survey of the development of Germanic literature from its earliest examples up to the Enlightenment. Primary emphasis on German literature with the reading of numerous representative texts. 4 credits.

332 German Literature from 1750 to the Present
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Survey providing initial exposure to the development of German literature from the Enlightenment to the present. Students read representative texts by major authors of the various literary periods and movements. 4 credits.

333 Modernity and Crisis: German Culture 1900-1945
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Introduces students to major issues in German culture during the period up to and including World War I, the Weimar Republic, and the Nazi era. These issues are explored through a variety of media: literature, art, film, print media, architecture of the city, among others. Students apply methods of cultural studies to explore issues through essays and oral presentations. Conducted in German. 4 credits.

334 From Rubble to Reunification: 1945-1990
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater Introduction of major issues in German culture since 1945, including the Stunde Null, the economic miracle, the generation 468, RAF, the East German experience, reunification and beyond. Issues explored through a variety of media, including literature, film, art/photography, pop music. 4 credits.

335 German Poetry
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Poetry by authors from all periods and movements of German literature. The goal is a basic understanding of the development of German poetry and a sensitivity to and appreciation of the poem as a vehicle for artistic expression. 4 credits.

336 German Fairy Tale
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Origins of the German fairy tale, its contributions to German nationalism from Herder to the Grimm brothers and its evolution into modern, more subversive forms of the fairy tale. 4 credits.

337 German Theater
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Introduction to the major dramatists of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries and to drama as a literary form and a sociological, philosophical, and cultural reflection of the times. In addition to reading representative texts, the evolution of dramatic theory and techniques is examined. 4 credits.

338 History of German Cinema
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
A study of the diverse history of German film from 1919 to the present: German Expressionism, Nazi Cinema, rubble films, New German Cinema, East German Cinema and post- wall productions. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to German Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 210 or greater Introduction to the concept of German as a modern, evolving human language. German as a synchronic phenomenon with emphases on phonology, morphology, syntax, and sociolinguistic and regional varieties as well as a diachronic phenomenon utilizing a chronological and cultural survey of the development of German from its earliest forms. 4 credits.

414 Age of Goethe
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Introduction to the literature and culture of the classical period in German literary history from 1750 to 1832. Appreciation for the development of great classical writers during an in-depth study of the major works produced in this period. 4 credits.

415 German Romanticism
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Detailed study of the principal literary figures and works of literature during the early nineteenth century in Germany. Focus on the origins of various characteristics of Romanticism and the ramifications of this movement in other fields and in later periods of German literature. 4 credits.

430 Readings in German Literature
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Offerings in the past have been post-1945 German literature and the literature and culture of the Weimar Republic. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. 4 credits.

466 Nazi Cinema and Culture
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 300 or greater
Exploration of the history and the aesthetics of fascist cinema focused on Nazi Germany. During the years between the Nazis’ rise to power in 1933 and the end of World War II in 1945, cinema was part and parcel of the fascist state, leading some critics to speculate whether the “Third Reich” was perhaps “movie-made.” Analysis of productions, such as Leni Riefenstahl’s Triumph of the Will and Veit Harlan’s Jud Suess, their functions, pre-histories and their afterlives. 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in German
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 300 or greater
The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre in depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

Hindi (HND) Course

101 Beginning Hindi
Introduction to the script, phonetic and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in the Hindi language. 4 credits.

Italian (ITL) Course

101 Beginning Italian
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in Italian. An appreciation of Italian culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

Japanese (JPN) Courses

110 Elementary Japanese I
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structures necessary to develop listening and speaking skills in Japanese. Initial reading and writing exercises with some of the basic Japanese characters. An appreciation of Japanese culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary Japanese II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: JPN-110
Continuation of work on the sound system and grammatical structures necessary to develop listening and speaking skills in Japanese, including initial reading and writing exercises with some of the basic Japanese characters. An appreciation of Japanese culture underlies the orientation of this course. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate Japanese I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: JPN-120
Continuation of development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding reading and writing skills, using materials of a literary or cultural nature. Review of grammar included. 4 credits.

202 Intermediate Japanese II
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: JPN-201
A continuation of the intermediate sequence with emphasis on communication skills, expansion of vocabulary and idiomatic expression. Cultural activities and outside readings required. 4 credits.

225 Japanese Cinema
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts) and WC (World Cultures)
Survey of Japanese cinema from its beginning in 1897 to the present day. Topics include film history, the main film genres including movie sub-genres and ethnographic and other documentaries, directors, Japanese film theories and criticisms. All readings and lectures are in English and all films will be subtitled in English. 4 credits.

235 Classical Japanese Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
The development of classical Japanese literature from the seventh century to 1858, when Japan opened its doors to the West. Reading representative texts in English translation in various genres from various periods. 4 credits.

245 Modern Japanese Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
The development of modern Japanese literature from 1858, when Japan opened its doors to the west, to the present. Students read representative texts in English translation by major writers in various genres. 4 credits.

265 Japanese Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Japanese course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house
Using primarily media such as newspapers, magazines (accessible through the Internet), film, and TV, students living in the language houses meet regularly to discuss current topics of concern to the societies under study. Requirements include keeping a journal and presenting a project at the conclusion of the course in oral and written form. The target language is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 Japanese Language House
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: at least one Japanese course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house Using primarily media such as newspapers, magazines (accessible through the Internet), film, and TV, students living in the language houses meet regularly to discuss current topics of concern to the societies under study. Requirements include keeping a journal and presenting a project at the conclusion of the course in oral and written form. The target language is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Intermediate Japanese III
Prerequisite: JPN-202
A continuation of the intermediate sequence emphasizing oral skills and idiomatic usage. Students are required to speak extensively in class. Supplementary materials will be added to the text. 4 credits.

302 Intermediate Japanese IV
Prerequisite: JPN-301
A continuation of the intermediate sequence emphasizing reading of formal Japanese, writing and oral communication skills. Additional materials will be used to further develop the ability to read, discuss, understand, and write Japanese. 4 credits.

401 Advanced Japanese I
Prerequisite: JPN-302
Advanced course in Japanese language study emphasizing reading of advanced materials, substantially complex writing and advanced oral skills. 4 credits.

402 Advanced Japanese II
Prerequisite: JPN-401
A continuation of the advanced sequence emphasizing reading of academic articles and books, writing of short academic papers, listening to advanced materials, and persuasive and rhetorical speech and discussion. 4 credits.

403 Advanced Japanese III
Prerequisite: JPN-402
A continuation of JPN 402, emphasizing all four language skills. Students will read from a wide range of genres and write compositions in varied modes, and continue to work on their communicative skills through group discussion, presentations, as well as interviewing native/advanced speakers of Japanese. 4 credits.

404 Advanced Japanese IV
Prerequisite: JPN-403
A continuation of JPN 403, emphasizing all four language skills. Students will read from a wide range of genres and write compositions in varied modes, and continue to work on their communicative skills through group discussion, presentations, as well as interviewing native/advanced speakers of Japanese. 4 credits.

470 Japanese Studies Thesis
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Guided research, translation, and writing on a topic in a field of Japanese Studies in which the student has had previous course work. The student will propose a thesis project to a faculty member in the field of Japanese Studies who by approving it becomes the thesis advisor. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Prerequisite: two Japanese courses numbered 201 or greater.
Variable credit

Linguistics (LNG) Courses

210 General Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Introduction to the nature, structure, and functions of human language. Topics include: design features of language; phonology, morphology, and syntax; semantics; and language variability. 4 credits.

220 Linguistic Analysis
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: LNG-210
Builds upon the principles presented in General Linguistics and applies them in the analysis of further topics such as writing systems, language comparison and change, language acquisition and learning, and artificial and non-human communication systems. 4 credits.

230 Language as Social Phenomenon
Prerequisite: LNG-210 or ENG-362
An introduction to sociolinguistics, the study of the relationship between language and society. Readings, lectures and discussions will focus on variation at all levels of language and how this variation helps to create and is created by a multitude of factors with possible educational, political and social repercussions. 4 credits.

240 The Origin of Language
Prerequisite: LNG-210
Spoken language has been called the most important achievement of humanity. The origin of language may be found in the gestures of hominids millions of years ago. An investigation of how these simple gestures may have developed into the modern spoken, written, and signed languages of today. 4 credits.

250 Second Language Learning and Acquisition
Prerequisite: LNG-210
In-depth investigation of the linguistic processes and considerations involved in second and subsequent language learning and acquisition in both the classroom environment and in a natural setting. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to Romance Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: at least two courses numbered 210 or greater in French or Spanish
An introduction to descriptive, historical, and applied linguistics with reference to the romance languages, specifically French and Spanish. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit

Modern Languages and Literatures (MLL) Courses

050 Community Based Learning
Community-based service or teaching project linking the classroom to the community in a process of experiential learning. 0 credits.

120 Reading Literature in Translation
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Reading and analyzing literature in translation. Introduction to such concepts as point of view, plot, character, imagery, symbolism, rhyme scheme and dialogue, and to various interpretive approaches. Written assignments provide practice in clarifying the understanding of literature. Topics are published prior to each term. 4 credits.

223 Slow Food, Italian Style
On-campus study of contemporary food production and consumption, as well as principles and practices of the Slow Food movement, followed by stay on an organic farm in Italy, to observe and participate in traditional food production and preparation. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

235 French Cinema
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: any first year writing seminar
Survey of French and Francophone cinema from the 1920s to the present day. Topics will include the historical context of each era, the principal film genres, directors, actors, film theory and criticism. All readings and lectures will be in English; all films will be subtitled. Students may not receive credit for both FRN-465 and MLL-235. 4 credits.

236 Nazi Cinema and Culture
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: any first year writing seminar
Exploration of the history and the aesthetics of fascist cinema. During the years between the Nazis’ rise to power in 1933 and the end of World War II in 1945, cinema was part and parcel of the fascist state, leading some critics to speculate whether the “Third Reich” was perhaps “movie- made.” All readings and lectures will be in English; all films will be subtitled. Students may not receive credit for both GRM-466 and MLL-236. 4 credits.

245 African Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts) and WC (World Cultures)
The development of African Literature from the early 1900s to the present. Focus on the representation of society, culture and peoples of African ancestry, the tumultuous changes resulting from colonial and neocolonial influences, the question of language vis-Ã-vis African creative writing, and the emergence of national and transnational identities. Authors include: Achebe, Mariama Ba, Emecheta, Bessie Head, Ngugi, Oyono, Sembene, and newly established writers. 4 credits.

350 Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages: Methods
Prerequisite: ENG-362, FRN-405, GRM-405, LNG-210, LNG-405 or SPN-405
Development of linguistic, cultural, and pedagogical competence in teaching English as a second or foreign language. 4 credits.

450 Teaching Foreign Languages K-12: Methods
Prerequisite: EDU-111, 120, 221 and admission to the Teacher Education Program.
Introduction to a variety of language learning theories, with opportunities to develop materials and practice techniques appropriate to teaching foreign languages on any level. Field observations required. Emphasis on the teaching of the four skills, testing, culture, technology, and the development of foreign language proficiency. 3 credits.

501 Independent Study
Variable credit.

Spanish (SPN) Courses

110 Elementary Spanish I
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in Spanish. An appreciation of Spanish- speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary Spanish
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in Spanish for the first intermediate level course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary Spanish II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: SPN-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing) developed in first elementary course, with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate Spanish I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-115 or 120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills. 4 credits.

205 Medical Spanish                                                                                     Prerequisite: SPN 201                                                                                     ​Introduction to the specialized vocabulary of the healthcare professions for taking a medical history; conducting a physical exam; and discussing pharmaceuticals, nutrition,​ and various infirmities. Cultural topics will also be covered.  Students will spend two weeks in the classroom, then spend the final week shadowing interpreters in a healthcare setting in the Greenville community.  Daily instruction in Spanish.  Invited speakers may use either Spanish or English or both. May Experience only. 2 credits.

210 Introduction to Readings

GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Builds upon the basic skills developed through the first intermediate course. By reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignments in Spanish, students enhance their critical listening, speaking, reading, writing skills while expanding vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

215 Composition and Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Emphasis on idiomatic expression through guided oral and written practice. Review of basic phonology, grammar and syntax included. 4 credits.

220 Spanish Civilization
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Survey of the culture and civilization of Spain. Areas of study include history, geography, politics, the arts, daily life, traditions, and cultural values. 4 credits.

240 Latin American Civilization
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Introduction to Latin America through its Iberian, indigenous, and African heritage; its social institutions; its religious and social customs, festivals, and folklore; its languages and other systems of communication; its literature and arts; and its diversions and cuisine. 4 credits.

265 Spanish Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Spanish course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house. Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Hispanic society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Spanish is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 Spanish Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Spanish course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house. Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Hispanic society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Spanish is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

270 Introduction to Literary Analysis
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-215
Introduction to the analysis of literary texts written in Spanish. Emphasis on techniques for analyzing the for major genres (narrative, drama, poetry, essay), as well as in-depth study of relevant representative texts. Includes a general introduction to the study of literature through the lens of literary periods or movements. 4 credits.

301 Travel Study in Spanish Language
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Part of the study away curriculum. Emphasis on idiomatic expression in speech and writing with review of fundamentals of Spanish grammar. May be repeated for credit based on change in travel destinations. 4 credits.

304 The Sounds of Spanish
Prerequisite: SPN-215
Introduction to the sound system of Spanish, including comparison between English and Spanish pronunciation, and phonetic/phonological variation across dialects. Includes a variety of activities/assignments, which involve self-recordings and analysis of speech. All assignments, readings, and projects are designed to help students improve pronunciation by becoming more aware of fine-grained phonetic details. 4 credits.

305 Advanced Spanish Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: SPN-215 or 301 and one other Spanish course numbered 300 or greater
This course is designed for advanced students to refine their spoken and written Spanish. Emphasis is on sustained expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonological and intonational patterns of modern Spanish. 4 credits.

306 Translation Theory and Practice
Prerequisite: SPN-215 or 301 and one other Spanish course numbered 300 or greater
Spanish/English and English/Spanish translation using a variety of texts in both languages. Emphasis on advanced Spanish grammar, stylistics, and points of contrast between English and Spanish. Different approaches to translation and their impact on meaning and comprehensibility will be studied. 4 credits.

310 Travel Study in Spanish Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Overview of contemporary peninsular literature, with concentration on the drama. Readings and discussion of modern plays, with viewing of selected works in Madrid theaters. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study in Spanish Civilization
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Cultural history of Spain, with emphasis on Spanish art and architecture. Visits to museums and historic sites in Madrid and throughout Spain. 4 credits.

331 Survey of Spanish Literature I
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater Introduction to representative authors and works from Spanish Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque literature. 4 credits.

332 Survey of Spanish Literature II
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater Survey of the major movements, principal authors, and representative works in Spanish literature since 1700. 4 credits.

335

Cuéntame: Spain, TV, and National Memory
Using the popular Spanish TV series “Cuéntame cómo pasó” (Tell Me How It Happened) as a vehicle, this course examines fundamental cultural aspects of the latter years of the Franco dictatorship and Spain’s transition to democracy (1968-1982) as portrayed through the fictional yet representative Alcántara family. The course will enrich student understanding of the dramatic social changes which accompanied the political transition, as well as current debate about the importance of historical memory in Spain. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

340 Travel Study in Spanish-American Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Overview of contemporary Spanish-American literature, focusing on the poetry, narrative, and drama of the country. Readings and discussions of representative texts complemented by viewing selected works in the theatre. 4 credits.

350 Travel Study in Contemporary Spanish-American Culture
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum. Through lectures, literary readings, and visits to areas of cultural interest, students familiarize themselves with contemporary Spanish-American life, as well as with the contributions of indigenous cultures to contemporary Spanish-American society. Research on a cultural topic will culminate in a written project. 4 credits.

351 Hispanic Cuisine and Culture
Exploration of different aspects of food production and consumption as they relate to Spanish and Spanish American cultures. Through readings, discussions, small field trips to local markets and restaurants and the act of shopping for and preparing authentic Spanish and Spanish American dishes we will explore the complex web of connections between crops, ecology, farming life, politics and what have come to be called fast or slow food cultures. Conducted entirely in Spanish, a culinary study trip to Guatemala is typically required. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

361 Survey of Spanish-American Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater Introduction to the major authors and representative works of Spanish America, with concentration on the age of Modernism to the present. 4 credits.

400 Advanced Studies in Hispanic Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater In-depth study of an area of Hispanic linguisitcs with an emphasis on both theory and empirical research. Students may participate in a research project for a more profound understanding of course material. May be repeated with change of topic. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater
A systematic linguistic study of Spanish phonology, morphology, and syntax. Also considers the historical development of Spanish from its earliest stages to the present as well as the language’s regional, social, and contextual variations, and its presence in the United States. 4 credits.

411 Golden Age Spanish Drama
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
Readings and discussion of Spanish dramatic works of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, including selections by Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Ruiz de Alarcón, and Calderón. 4 credits.

412 Cervantes
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
Emphasis on Don Quixote with additional readings from Cervantes’s Novelas ejemplares and Entremeses. 4 credits.

417 Nineteenth Century Spanish Realism and the Generation of 1898
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
Readings and discussion of major works of Spanish peninsular literature from the age of Realism (c. 1850)
through the Generation of 1898, including works by Galdós, Unamuno, Benavente, Valle-Inclán, and Pío Baroja. 4 credits.

420 Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
Survey of predominant literary movements, writers, and works (essay, short story, novel, drama, and poetry) of twentieth century. Spain from the period following the Generation of 1898 to the present. 4 credits.

430 Readings in Spanish Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Possible topics include: Spanish Picaresque Literature, Literature after the Spanish Civil War, Twentieth Century Spanish Drama, etc. May be repeated once with change of topic. 4 credits.

440 Spanish-American Narrative
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
The development of the Spanish-American narrative from the period of Discovery and Conquest to the present, with emphasis on contemporary writing. Indigenous works such as the Mayan Popol Vuh are also considered. Examination of historiography, the essay, novels, and short stories. 4 credits.

445 Latin American Women’s Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
Survey of literature by Latin American women from Colonial times to the present, including all major genres. Study of the evolution of women’s thought from the private realm of convent and home to the public arena of politics, women’s rights and the environmental movement. 4 credits.

448 Spanish-American Short Story
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
In-depth consideration of the development of the short story in Spanish America, with a primary focus on the definitive works of the Twentieth Century by authors such as Borges, Cortázar, García Márquez, and Valenzuela. Includes a brief overview of short fiction in colonial and nineteenth-century Spanish America. 4 credits.

450 Studies in Hispanic Civilization
Prerequisite: three spanish courses number 215 or above
Close examination of a particular aspect of Hispanic civilization through a variety of disciplinary perspectives and media. Critical assessment of phenomena of cultural importance in Spain and/or Latin America. May be repeated for credit with a change of instructor/topic. 4 credits.

460 Readings in Spanish-American Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Possible topics might include Contemporary Spanish American Poetry, Gabriel García Márquez, Dissidence in Spanish American Literature, etc. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. 4 credits.

465 Film Studies
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
A historical, critical, and theoretical survey of the cinema of Spain and/or Latin America. Films studied through formal properties of representation-- mise-en-scène, cinematography, editing, sound-- as well as through context, theme, and application. Includes examination of the relationship to other national and regional cinemas. 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in Spanish
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-331, 332, or 361
The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre n depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

503 Individualized Internship
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Individualized internships are typically developed by seniors and juniors and approved by a faculty member in the Spanish section. General objectives for the internship experience are o provide exceptional Spanish students with an opportunity to use Spanish language skills in a professional setting and to offer students additional preparation and training for future endeavors. In addition, students, together with their on site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of objectives for the specific internship, maintain a log and reflective journal, meet weekly with the faculty member in person or virtually, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in Spanish for their faculty supervisor or for a larger audience as a scholarly presentation. Fifty hours of on-site activities per credit up to four credits. Cannot be completed through the pass-no pass grading option. Only four credits of either SPN-503 or SPN-505 may be applied toward the Spanish major. Variable credit.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

505 Structured Internship
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Internships at sites approved by a faculty member in the Spanish section to provide students with an opportunity to use Spanish language skills in a professional setting and offer additional preparation and training for postgraduate work or study. Students, primarily seniors and juniors, together with their on-site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of specific objectives for the internship, work approximately 200 hours each at their site, attend a weekly seminar to discuss their work and related literature, maintain a log and reflective journal, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in Spanish for their seminar.This course may be taken only once and cannot be completed through the pass-no pass grading option. Only four credits of either SPN 503 or SPN 505 may be applied toward the Spanish major. 4 credits.​​​

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