French Courses | German Courses | Italian Course | Linguistics Courses | Modern Languages and Literatures Courses | Spanish Courses

French

110 Elementary French I
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in French. An appreciation of French-speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary French
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in French for the first intermediate level course. One semester equivalent of the elementary sequence. 4 credits.

120 Elementary French II
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY Prerequisite: FRN-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing)
developed in French 111, with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences.4 credits.

201 Intermediate French I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-115 or FRN-120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills using materials of a literary or cultural nature. 4 credits.

210 Introduction to French Readings
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Builds upon and further enhances the basics developed through the first intermediate course. Reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignments in French, expanding the critical listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

214 French Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Intense oral practice focusing on practical daily use as well as discourse on Francophone cultures and events with an emphasis on current, everyday speech. A variety of sources are used to develop listening and communication skills; improve fluency in speaking French; build vocabulary; and familiarize students with appropriate linguistic register. An introduction to French phonetics is included. 4 credits.

215 French Composition
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Development of advanced writing skills in French with emphasis on advanced grammar structures, organization, idiomatic expressions, vocabulary building, and rhetorical strategies. A variety of sources are used to refine the ability to write in different genres for different occasions. 4 credits.

220 French Civilization
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Survey of the culture and civilization of France and, to a lesser extent, other parts of the French-speaking world. Areas of study include history, geography, politics, the arts, and daily life. 4 credits.

221 Contemporary French Culture
Prerequisite: FRN-201
Overview of contemporary France through a thematic approach to such topics as geography, demography, lifestyles and cultural patterns. Examination of the influence of France and Francophone nations within the global community. 4 credits.

265 French Language House
Prerequisite: at least one French course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television helps focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to French society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. French is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 French Language House
Prerequisite: at least one French course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to French society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. French is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Travel Study French Language
Prerequisite: FRN-210
Emphasis on idiomatic expression in speech and writing. Part of the study away curriculum in France. 4 credits.

305 Advanced French Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: FRN-215 or FRN-301 and one other French course numbered 300 or greater.
Advanced study to perfect spoken and written French. Emphasis is on sustained expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonemes and intonational patterns. 4 credits.

310 Travel Study 20th Century French Drama
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: take 2 French courses numbered 201 or greater.
Part of the study abroad curriculum in France. Survey of twentieth century French drama, both as literature and spectacle, including selected works of Montherlant, Claudel, Anouilh, Giraudoux, Sartre, and Camus. Part of the study away curriculum in France. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study French Civilization
Cultural history of France, including history, politics, geography, the arts, architecture, and daily life. On-site visits (museums, monuments, cathedrals, etc.)
. Part of the study away curriculum in France. 2 credits.

321 Contemporary Senegal
Prerequisite: FRN-201
An interdisciplinary introduction to the culture of Senegal. 2 credits.

322 Francophone Culture in Senegal
Prerequisite: FRN-321
Lectures, literary readings, and visits to areas of cultural interest to familiarize participants with contemporary Senegalese cultural life. Research on a cultural topic will culminate in a written project. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

325 French Architecture in Context
GER: VP (Visual & Performing Arts)
An understanding of French architectural monuments as the expression of the esthetic, religious, political and cultural values of the era that shaped them. Paris and Versailles are a particular focus. Taught in French with the assistance of on-site guides and art historians. Part of the study away curriculum in France. 4 credits.

331 French Literature and Civilization I: Middle Ages and Renaissance
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: A course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts from their beginnings to 1600. 4 credits.

332 French Literature and Civilization Ii: Classicism and Enlightenment
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: a course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts from 1600 to 1800. 4 credits.

333 French Literature and Civilization Iii: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: a course in French numbered 210 or greater.
An interdisciplinary introduction to French civilization, literature and fine arts of the 19th and 20th centuries, including authors of the Francophone world. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to French Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two French courses numbered 210 or greater
A descriptive analysis of the French language from the smallest linguistic units to the largest units – from sounds, words, and sentences to discourse. Topics include: the historical development of the French language, standard vs. non-standard French, language variation and sociological factors affecting language use. 4 credits.

410 French Literature of Louis XIV
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Study of selected works of the principal literary figures of the seventeenth century in France. Emphasis on classical drama; also includes short prose works and poetry. 4 credits.

411 French Literature of the Enlightenment
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Introduction to the literature of the eighteenth century (1715-89), including essay, theater and prose fiction. Works by authors such as Voltaire, Diderot, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Beaumarchais and Laclos. 4 credits.

415 French Romanticism
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Selected works of the principal literary figures of the first half of the nineteenth century in France. Poetry, prose fiction, and drama included. 4 credits.

417 French Naturalism
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Study of selected works of the principal literary figures of the second half of the nineteenth century in France. Poetry, prose fiction, and drama included. 4 credits.

420 20th Century French Novel
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Study of the major works and authors of twentieth century prose fiction in France. 4 credits.

421 20th Century French Drama and Poetry
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Survey of the major developments, both theoretical and practical, in French drama and poetry since 1913. Readings include plays by such representative dramatists as Giraudoux, Salacrou, Sartre, Ionesco and Beckett. Among poets considered are Valery, Apollinaire, St. John Perse, and the early Surrealists. 4 credits.

430 Studies in French Literature
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, genre, or theme. Possible topics might include the French lyric tradition, exoticism, narratives of childhood, etc. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. 4 credits.

435 Literatures in French: Writing Across Worlds
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
Exploration of contemporary literary productions (from late 20th century to today)
in French of non-French authors. Special focus on the literary representation of experiences of migration and exile. This course is taught in French. 4 credits.

445 African Novel in French
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
The major African authors writing in French. Attention given to the early relevance of negritude, colonial and postcolonial issues, the emergence of African women writers in French, and contemporary perspectives in recent works. Emphasis on the literary representation of tradition, society and culture in the francophone African fiction. 4 credits.

450 History of France
GER: HA (Historical Analysis of Human Interactions)
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
A chronological survey of the history of France from approximately 1000 to the present. Topics will include but not be limited to history, geography, politics, and the arts. 4 credits.

465 French Cinema
Prerequisite: FRN-331, FRN-332, or FRN-333
A survey of French and Francophone cinema from the 1920s era of silent film to the present day. Students will explore the historical context of each era, and become familiar with the principle film genres, directors and actors. 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in French
Prerequisite: two French courses numbered 300 or greater
The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre in depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

503 Individualized Internship
Individualized internships are typically developed by seniors and juniors and approved by a faculty member in the French section. General objectives for the internship experience are to provide exceptional French students with an opportunity to use French language skills in a professional setting and to offer students additional preparation and training for future endeavors. In addition, students, together with their on site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of objectives for the specific internship, maintain a log and reflective journal, meet weekly with the faculty member in person or virtually, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in French for their faculty supervisor or for a larger audience as a scholarly presentation. Fifty hours of on-site activities per credit up to four credits.

Cannot be completed through the pass-no pass grading option. Only four credits of either FRN-503 or FRN-505 may be applied toward the French major. Variable credit.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

505 Structured Internship
Internships at sites approved by a faculty member in the French section to provide students with an opportunity to use French language skills in a professional setting and offer additional preparation and training for postgraduate work or study. Students, primarily seniors and juniors, together with their on-site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of specific objectives for the internship, work approximately 200 hours each at their site, attend a weekly seminar to discuss their work and related literature, maintain a log and reflective journal, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in French for their seminar. This course may be completed only once and the pass-no pass grading option cannot be selected. Only 4 credits of either FRN 503 or FRN 505 may be applied toward the French major. 4 credits.​​

German

110 Elementary German I
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in German. An appreciation of German-speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary German
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in German for the first intermediate level course. One semester equivalent of the elementary sequence. 4 credits.

120 Elementary German II
GER: FL (Foreign Language) for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY
Prerequisite: GRM-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing)
developed in German 111, with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate German I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: GRM-115 or GRM-120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills using materials of a literary or cultural nature. 4 credits.

210 Introduction to German Readings
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: GRM-201
Builds upon and further enhances the basics developed through the first intermediate course. Reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignmenets in German, expanding the critical listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

215 Composition and Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Emphasis on idiomatic expression through guided oral and writtn practice. Review of basic phonology, grammar and syntax included. 4 credits.

220 German Civilization
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Advanced intermediate level introduction to the culture and civilization of the major German speaking areas of Europe. The goal is an understanding and appreciation of the contemporary civilization and its historical development. 4 credits.

222 Contemporary Germany
Prerequisite: GRM-115 or GRM-120
Advanced intermediate travel study language course focusing on the culture and civilization of Germany with emphasis on the large public urban setting of Berlin and on the more private small-town setting of Cuxhaven. Guided interactions with the local community will enable the students to improve and practice their German language skills. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

230 Specialized Readings in German
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or Greater
Introduction to the technical language of various fields in the natural sciences, social sciences, or the humanities. Offerings have included biology, business, chemistry, philosophy, and psychology. 4 credits.

265 German Language House
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television helps focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to German society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. German is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 German Language House
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to German society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. German is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

301 Travel Study German Language
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
German study based on level of proficiency with native instructors. Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. 4 credits.

305 Advanced German Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: GRM-215 and one German course numbered 300 or greater
Advanced study to perfect spoken and written German. Emphasis is on expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonemes and intonational patterns. 4 credits.

310 Theatre and Film in Berlin
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. Exploration of the institutions and instantiations of theater and film in the cultural crucible of Berlin. Taught in German by the accompanying Furman faculty and assisted by on-site guides in studios, theaters, and museums. Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study German Culture
Prerequisite: at least one German course numbered 200 or greater
Understanding and appreciation of various art and architecture forms. Special emphasis on the German speaking world. Part of the study away curriculum in Germany. 4 credits.

331 German Literature until 1750
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Survey of the development of Germanic literature from its earliest examples up to the Enlightenment. Primary emphasis on German literature with the reading of numerous representative texts. 4 credits.

332 German Literature since 1750
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Survey providing initial exposure to the development of German literature from the Enlightenment to the present. Students read representative texts by major authors of the various literary periods and movements. 4 credits.

333 Modernity and Crisis: German Culture 1900-1945
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Introduces students to major issues in German culture during the period up to and including World War I, the Weimar Republic, and the Nazi era. These issues are explored through a variety of media: literature, art, film, print media, architecture of the city, among others. Students apply methods of cultural studies to explore issues through essays and oral presentations. Conducted in German. Conducted in German. 4 credits.

334 From Rubble to Reunification: 1945-1990
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Introduction of major issues in German culture since 1945, including the Stunde Null, the economic miracle, the generation 468, RAF, the East German experience, reunification and beyond. Issues explored through a variety of media, including literature, film, art/photography, pop music. 4 credits.

335 German Poetry
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Poetry by authors from all periods and movements of German literature. The goal is a basic understanding of the development of German poetry and a sensitivity to and appreciation of the poem as an artistic expression. 4 credits.

336 German Fairy Tale
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Focus on the evolution of the novelle as a literary form in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Selected authors whose works represent the best examples of this genre will be presented. 4 credits.

337 German Theater
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Introduction to the major dramatists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and to drama as a literary form and a sociological, philosophical, and cultural reflection of the times. In addition to reading representative texts, the evolution of dramatic theory and techniques is discussed. 4 credits.

338 History of German Cinema
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
A study of the diverse history of German film from 1919 to present including German Expressionism, Nazi Cinema, rubble films, New German Cinema, East German Cinema and post-wall productions. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to German Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 210 or greater
Introduction to the concept of German as a modern, evolving human language. German as a synchronic phenomenon with emphases on phonology, morphology, syntax, and sociolinguistic and regional varieties as well as a diachronic phenomenon utilizing a chronological and cultural survey of the development of German from its earliest forms. 4 credits.

414 Age of Goethe
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Introduction to the literature and culture of the classical period in German literary history from 1750 to 1832. Appreciation for the development of great classical writers during an in-depth study of the major works produced in this period. 4 credits.

415 German Romanticism
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
Detailed study of the principal literary figures and works of literature during the early nineteenth century in Germany. Focus on the origins of various characteristics of Romanticism and the ramifications of this movement in other fields and in later periods of German literature. 4 credits.

430 Readings in German Language
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 201 or greater
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Offerings in the past have been post-1945 German literature and the literature and culture of the Weimar Republic. May be repeated for credit based on change of topic. 4 credits.

466 Nazi Cinema and Culture
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 300 or greater
Exploration of the history and the aesthetics of fascist cinema focused on Nazi Germany. During the years between the Nazis146 rise to power in 1933 and the end of World War II in 1945, cinema was part and parcel of the fascist state, leading some critics to speculate whether the 147Third Reich148 was perhaps 147movie-made.148 Analysis of productions, such as Leni Riefenstahl's Triumph of the Will and Veit Harlan146s Jud Suess, their functions, (pre-) histories and their afterlives. 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in German
Prerequisite: two German courses numbered 300 or greater
The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre in depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

503 Individualized Internship
Individualized internships are typically developed by seniors and juniors and approved by a faculty member in the German section. General objectives for the internship experience are to provide exceptional German students with an opportunity to use German language skills in a professional setting and to offer students additional preparation and training for future endeavors. In addition, students, together with their on site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of objectives for the specific internship, maintain a log and reflective journal, meet weekly with the faculty member in person or virtually, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in German for their faculty supervisor or for a larger audience as a scholarly presentation. Fifty hours of on-site activities per credit.

Cannot be completed through the pass-no pass grading option. Only 4 credits of either GRM-503 or GRM-505 may be applied toward the German major. Variable credit.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

505 Structured Internship
Internships at sites approved by a faculty member in the German section to provide students with an opportunity to use German language skills in a professional setting and offer additional preparation and training for postgraduate work or study. Students, primarily seniors and juniors, together with their on-site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of specific objectives for the internship, work approximately 200 hours each at their site, attend a weekly seminar to discuss their work and related literature, maintain a log and reflective journal, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in German for their seminar. This course may be completed only once and the pass-no pass grading option cannot be selected. Only 4 credits of either GRM-503 or GRM-505 may be applied toward the German major. 4 credits​

Italian

101 Beginning Italian
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in Italian. An appreciation of Italian culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

Linguistics

210 General Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Introduction to the nature, structure, and functions of human language. Topics include: design features of language; phonology, morphology, and syntax; semantics; and language variability. 4 credits.

220 Linguistic Analysis
GER: WR (Writing-Research Intensive)
and HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)

Prerequisite: any first year writing (FYW) seminar
Builds upon the principles presented in General Linguistics and applies them in the analysis of further topics such as writing systems, language comparison and change, language acquisition and learning, and artificial and non-human communication systems. 4 credits.

230 Language as Cultural Phenomenon
An introduction to sociocultural or anthropological linguistics, the study of the relationship between language, culture, and society. Readings, lectures, and discussions will focus on variation at all levels of language and how this variation helps to create diversity and is itself created by a multitude of factors with possible educational, political, cultural, and social repercussions. 4 credits.

240 The Origin of Language
Spoken language has been called the most important achievement of humanity. The origin of language may be found in the gestures of hominids millions of years ago. An investigation of how these simple gestures may have developed into the modern spoken, written, and signed languages of today. 4 credits.

250 Second Language Learning and Acquisition
In-depth investigation of the linguistic processes and considerations involved in second and subsequent language learning and acquisition in both the classroom environment and in a natural setting. 4 credits.

405 Introduction to Romance Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: at least two courses numbered 210 or greater in French or Spanish
An introduction to descriptive, historical, and applied linguistics with reference to the romance languages, specifically French and Spanish. 4 credits.

LNG-504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.​​

Modern Languages and Literatures

050 Community Based Learning
Community-based service or teaching project linking the classroom to the community in a process of experiential learning. 0 credits.

50 Community Based Learning
Community-based service or teaching project linking the classroom to the community in a process of experiential learning. 0 credits.

120 Reading Literature in Translation
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Reading and analyzing literature in translation. Introduction to such concepts as point of view, plot, character, imagery, symbolism, rhyme scheme and dialogue, and to various interpretive approaches. Written assignments provide practice in clarifying the understanding of literature. Topics are published prior to each term. 4 credits.

221 Language and Identity: Spain
Prerequisite: SPN-201 or higher
Study of how language relates to culture and the formation of identity. Students typically travel to a Spanish-speaking country or a Spanish-speaking region in the U.S. to examine extant minority language(s)
alongside the various regional practices and notions of identity in areas of language contact with Spanish. Instruction in English. May Experience ONLY. Instruction in English. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

223 Slow Food, Italian Style
On-campus study of contemporary food production and consumption, as well as principles and practices of the Slow Food movement, followed by stay on an organic farm in Italy, to observe and participate in traditional food production and preparation. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

235 French Cinema
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: any first year writing seminar
Survey of French and Francophone cinema from the 1920s to the present day. Topics will include the historical context of each era, the principal film genres, directors, actors, film theory and criticism. All readings and lectures will be in English; all films will be subtitled. Students may not receive credit for both FRN-465 and MLL-235. 4 credits.

236 Nazi Cinema and Culture
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Prerequisite: any first year writing seminar
Exploration of the history and the aesthetics of fascist cinema. During the years between the Nazis' rise to power in 1933 and the end of World War II in 1945, cinema was part and parcel of the fascist state, leading some critics to speculate whether the "Third Reich" was perhaps "movie-made." All readings and lectures will be in English; all films will be subtitled. Students may not receive credit for both GRM-466 and MLL-236. 4 credits.

245 African Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
and WC (World Cultures)
The development of African Literature from the early 1900s to the present. Focus on the representation of society, culture and peoples of African ancestry, the tumultuous changes resulting from colonial and neocolonial influences, the question of language vis-195 -vis African creative writing, and the emergence of national and transnational identities. Authors include: Achebe, Mariama Ba, Emecheta, Bessie Head, Ngugi, Oyono, Sembene, and newly established writers. 4 credits.

350 Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Prerequisite: ENG-362, FRN-405, GRM-405, LNG-210, LNG-405 or SPN 300 .
Development of linguistic, cultural, and pedagogical competence in teaching English as a second or foreign language. 4 credits.

450 Teaching Foreign Language Methods, K-12
Prerequisite:EDU-111, EDU-120, EDU-221 and admission to the Teacher Education Program.
Introduction to a variety of language learning theories, with opportunities to develop materials and practice techniques appropriate to teaching foreign languages on any level. Field observations required. Emphasis on the teaching of the four skills, testing, culture, technology, and the development of foreign language proficiency. 4 credits.

501 Independent Study
Variable credit.

Spanish

110 Elementary Spanish I
Introduction to the sound system and grammatical structure necessary to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in Spanish. An appreciation of Spanish-speaking culture underlies the orientation of the course. 4 credits.

115 Intensive Elementary Spanish
Prerequisite: appropriate placement
Designed to prepare students with some background in Spanish for the first intermediate level course. 4 credits.

120 Elementary Spanish II
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
for students seeking the Bachelor of Science degree ONLY Prerequisite: SPN-110
Continuation of the skills (speaking, listening, reading, writing)
developed in first elementary course, with increased emphasis on vocabulary expansion, idiomatic expression, and cultural differences. 4 credits.

201 Intermediate Spanish I
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-115 or SPN-120
Continuation of the development of proficiency in listening and speaking, while expanding the reading and writing skills. 4 credits.

205 Medical Spanish
Prerequisite: SPN-201 or higher
Introduction to the specialized vocabulary of the healthcare professions for taking a medical history; conducting a physical exam; and discussing pharmaceuticals, nutrition, and various infirmities. Cultural topics will also be covered. Students will spend two weeks in the classroom, then spend the final week shadowing interpreters in a healthcare setting in the Greenville community. Daily instruction in Spanish. Invited speakers may use either Spanish or English or both. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

210 Introduction to Spanish Readings
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Builds upon the basic skills developed through the first intermediate course. By reading numerous short works of fiction and nonfiction and through discussions and short written assignments in Spanish, students enhance their critical listening, speaking, reading, writing skills while expanding vocabulary and cultural skills necessary for further study. 4 credits.

215 Composition and Conversation
GER: FL (Foreign Language)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Emphasis on idiomatic expression through guided oral and written practice. Review of basic phonology, grammar and syntax included. 4 credits.

220 Spanish Civilization
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Survey of the culture and civilization of Spain. Areas of study include history, geography, politics, the arts, daily life, traditions, and cultural values. 4 credits.

240 Latin American Civilization
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Introduction to Latin America through its Iberian, indigenous, and African heritage; its social institutions; its religious and social customs, festivals, and folklore; its languages and other systems of communication; its literature and arts; and its diversions and cuisine. 4 credits.

265 Spanish Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Spanish course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Hispanic society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Spanish is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

266 Spanish Language House
Prerequisite: at least one Spanish course numbered 200 or greater and residential assignment to language house.
Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Hispanic society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Spanish is used for all discussions and written work. Media such as newspapers, magazines, film, and television help focus regular discussions on current topics of concern to Hispanic society. Student journals are presented in both oral and written form. Spanish is used for all discussions and written work. 2 credits.

270 Introduction to Literary Analysis
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-215
Introduction to the analysis of literary texts written in Spanish. Emphasis on techniques for analyzing the for major genres (narrative, drama, poetry, essay)
, as well as in-depth study of relevant representative texts. Includes a general introduction to the study of literature through the lens of literary periods or movements. 4 credits.​​

SPN-300 Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: SPN-215
A systematic linguistic study of Spanish phonology, morphology, and syntax. Also considers the historical development of Spanish from its earliest stages to the present, as well as the language's regional, social, and contextual variations, and its presence in the United States. 4 credits.

301 Travel Study in Spanish Language
Prerequisite: SPN-201
Part of the study away curriculum. Emphasis on idiomatic expression in speech and writing with review of fundamentals of Spanish grammar. Repeatable for credit with change in travel destination. 4 credits.

304 The Sounds of Spanish
Prerequisite: SPN-215
Introduction to the sound system of Spanish, including comparison between English and Spanish pronunciation, and phonetic/phonological variation across dialects. Includes a variety of activities/assignments, which involve self-recordings and analysis of speech. All assignments, readings, and projects are designed to help students improve pronunciation by becoming more aware of fine-grained phonetic details. 4 credits.

305 Advanced Spanish Oral and Written Expression
Prerequisite: SPN-215 or SPN-301 and one other Spanish course numbered 300 or greater
Designed for advanced students to refine their spoken and written Spanish. Emphasis is on sustained expository, persuasive and rhetorical communication; on advanced grammar usage and syntax; and on precision in the production of phonological and intonational patterns of modern Spanish. Can be repeated for credit with a change in topic. 4 credits.

306 Translation Theory and Practice
Prerequisite: SPN-215 or SPN-301 and one other Spanish course numbered 300 or greater
Spanish/English and English/Spanish translation using a variety of texts in both languages. Emphasis on advanced Spanish grammar, stylistics, and points of contrast between English and Spanish. Different approaches to translation and their impact on meaning and comprehensibility will be studied. 4 credits.

310 Travel Study in Spanish Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Survey of Spanish literature focusing on poetry, narrative, and drama. Readings and discussions of representative texts complemented by site visits and viewing selected works in the theatre. 4 credits.

320 Travel Study in Spanish Civilization
GER: VP (Visual and Performing Arts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Cultural history of Spain, with emphasis on Spanish art and architecture. Visits to museums and historic sites in Madrid and throughout Spain. 4 credits.

325 Travel Study in Contemporary Spain
Part of the study away curriculum. In-depth consideration of the structure and problems of contemporary Spanish society through lecture, discussion, written work and site visits. Research on a specific topic will culminate in a written project. 4 credits.

331 Survey of Spanish Literature I
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-270
Introduction to representative authors and works from Spanish Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque literature. 4 credits.

332 Survey of Spanish Literature II
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-270
Survey of the major movements, principal authors, and representative works in Spanish literature since 1700. 4 credits.

340 Travel Study in Spanish American Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Part of the study away curriculum. Overview of contemporary Spanish-American literature, focusing on the poetry, narrative, and drama of the country. Readings and discussions of representative texts complemented by viewing selected works in the theatre. 4 credits.

350 Travel Study in Contemporary Spanish America
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater
Part of the study away curriculum. Through lectures, literary readings, and visits to areas of cultural interest, students familiarize themselves with contemporary Spanish-American life, as well as with the contributions of indigenous cultures to contemporary Spanish-American society. Research on a cultural topic will culminate in a written project. May be repeated for credit with a change of instructor/topic. Part of the study away curriculum. 4 credits.

351 Hispanic Cuisine and Culture
Exploration of different aspects of food production and consumption as they relate to Spanish and Spanish American cultures. Through readings, discussions, small field trips to local markets and restaurants and the act of shopping for and preparing authentic Spanish and Spanish American dishes we will explore the complex web of connections between crops, ecology, farming life, politics and what have come to be called fast or slow food cultures. Conducted entirely in Spanish. Conducted entirely in Spanish, a culinary study trip to Guatemala is typically required. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

361 Survey of Spanish American Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN-270
Introduction to the major authors and representative works of Spanish America, with concentration on the age of Modernism to the present. 4 credits.

400 Advanced Studies in Hispanic Linguistics
GER: HB (Empirical Study of Human Behavior)
Prerequisite: two Spanish courses numbered 210 or greater
In-depth study of an area of Hispanic linguisitcs with an emphasis on both theory and empirical research. Students may participate in a research project for a more profound understanding of course material. Repeatable with change of topic. 4 credits.

411 Golden Age Spanish Drama
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN-361, or SPN 340
Readings and discussion of Spanish dramatic works of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, including selections by Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Ruiz de Alarcsn, and Caldersn 4 credits.

412 Cervantes
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN-361, or SPN 340
Emphasis on Don Quixote with additional readings from Cervantes's Novelas ejemplares and Entremeses. 4 credits.

417 19th Century Spanish Realism and the Generation of 1898
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
Readings and discussion of major works of Spanish peninsular literature from the age of Realism (c. 1850)
through the Generation of 1898, including works by Galdss, Unamuno, Benavente, Valle-Inclan, and Pmo Baroja. 4 credits.

420 Spanish Literature of Twentieth Century
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite:SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
Survey of predominant literary movements, writers, and works (essay, short story, novel, drama, and poetry)
of twentieth century. Spain from the period following the Generation of 1898 to the present. 4 credits.

430 Readings in Spanish Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Possible topics include: Spanish Picaresque Literature, Literature after the Spanish Civil War, Twentieth Century Spanish Drama, etc. Repeatable with change of topic. 4 credits.

440 Spanish American Narrative
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
The development of the Spanish-American narrative from the period of Discovery and Conquest to the present, with emphasis on contemporary writing. Indigenous works such as the Mayan Popol Vuh are also considered. Examination of historiography, the essay, novels, and short stories. 4 credits.

445 Latin American Women's Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
Survey of literature by Latin American women from Colonial times to the present, including all major genres. Study of the evolution of women's thought from the private realm of convent and home to the public arena of politics, women's rights and the environmental movement. 4 credits.

448 Spanish-American Short Story
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
In-depth consideration of the development of the short story in Spanish America, with a primary focus on the definitive works of the Twentieth Century by authors such as Borges, Cortazar, García Márquez, and Valenzuela. Includes a brief overview of short fiction in colonial and nineteenth-century Spanish America. 4 credits.

450 Studies in Hispanic Civilization
Prerequisite: three spanish courses number 215 or above
Close examination of a particular aspect of Hispanic civilization through a variety of disciplinary perspectives and media. Critical assessment of phenomena of cultural importance in Spain and/or Latin America. Repeatable with change of topic. 4 credits.

460 Readings in Spanish Amer Literature
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , SPN-361
In-depth focus on a period, movement, author, or genre. Possible topics might include Contemporary Spanish American Poetry, Gabriel García Márquez, Dissidence in Spanish American Literature, etc. Repeatable with change of topic. 4 credits.

465 Film Studies
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340, or SPN-361
A historical, critical, and theoretical survey of the cinema of Spain and/or Latin America. Films studied through formal properties of representation– mise-en-schne, cinematography, editing, sound– as well as through context, theme, and application. Includes examination of the relationship to other national and regional cinemas 4 credits.

470 Senior Seminar in Spanish
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: SPN 310 , SPN-331, SPN-332, SPN 340 , or SPN-361
The opportunity to address a topic, period, author, or genre n depth. The student is provided a chance to synthesize the experience of previous course work in a research project. 4 credits.

503 Individualized Internship
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Individualized internships are typically developed by seniors and juniors and approved by a faculty member in the Spanish section. General objectives for the internship experience are to provide exceptional Spanish students with an opportunity to use Spanish language skills in a professional setting and to offer students additional preparation and training for future endeavors. In addition, students, together with their on site supervisor and faculty sponsor, will develop a list of objectives for the specific internship, maintain a log and reflective journal, meet weekly with the faculty member in person or virtually, submit an academic paper at the conclusion of the internship related to their internship work, and summarize their activities orally in Spanish for their faculty supervisor or for a larger audience as a scholarly presentation. Fifty hours of on-site activities required per credit up to four credits. No more than four credits of either SPN-503 or SPN-505 may contribute to the Spanish major. Pass-No pass grading option not available. Variable credit.

504 Directed Independent Study
Variable credit.

505 Structured Internship
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Internships to provide students with an opportunity to use Spanish language skills in a professional setting and offer additional preparation and training for postgraduate work or study. Develop a list of specific objectives, work approximately 200 hours, maintain a log and reflective journal, attend a weekly seminar to discuss their work and related literature, submit an academic paper, and summarize their activities orally in Spanish. No more than four credits of either SPN-503 or SPN-505 may contribute to the Spanish major. Pass-No Pass grading option not available. Variable credit.​

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